There are several types of fuel cells that have been evolved with rising technologies in the alternative fuel industry. Fuel cells switch energy like hydrogen into electrical energy providing a cleaner burning fuel that gives off no pollution into the air. Fuel cell technologies have proved to be life-changing for numerous people – and the world as well. With the development of a part that can power a car with little to zero emissions will serve the environment and bring down global warming.
A polymer exchange membrane fuel cell was grown through technologies that are certified by the Department of Energy. The DOE is concentrating on the PEMFC as the most potential candidate for transportation applications. This type of fuel cell has a higher power concentration and a relatively poor operating temperature (140 – 176 degrees Fahrenheit). The small operational temperature of this fuel cell stands for that it doesn’t take very long for the fuel cell to warm and begin generating electrical energy.
Most of the fuel cell technologies being researched nowadays are built-up on practicing hydrogen as the key fuel origin. With the PEMFC, that is the example. It is the most attention-getting type of fuel cell that is currently being taken to be in use in alternative fuel vehicles.
There is likewise a direct methanol fuel cell that equates with the PEMFC as far as its working temperature. However, these fuel cells aren’t as capable. Different disadvantage to this fuel cell is that it requires a huge quantity of platinum to work as a accelerator. That exclusively makes it very dear to run. We’re certain, nevertheless, that coming technologies in the fuel cell market will amend on this and establish it more cost efficient for the ordinary consumer.
One problem with fuel cells that technology has yet to resolve is that they are costly to create. Many of the parts of a fuel cell are expensive therefore creating the whole fuel cell overpriced. In order to be competitively priced ( compared to gasoline-powered vehicles), fuel cell systems must cost $35 per kilowatt. Presently, the projected high-volume output price is $110 per kilowatt.
Different problem with fuel cell technologies is that they have yet to be converted enough to permit them to operate in various conditions. The membranes must by hydrated in place to channelise hydrogen protons. Therefore, researches must discover a manner to produce fuel cell systems that can continue to operate in sub-zero temperatures, low humidity environments and high working temperatures. At approximately 80 degrees Celsius, hydration is lost without a high-pressure hydration system.
Fuel cell technologies are emerging and becoming more and more in-depth every day. Soon, we’ll have a grand alternative to the petrol powered auto just with these tiny fuel cells.